Israeli media is not listing the names of children killed in Gaza. These are their names:

  • Ayub Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 10
    |
  • Jihad 'Isam Marzuq Sheheibar
    , 10
    |
  • Islam al-Qasas
    , 15
    |
  • Dalal Siyam, 9 months
    |
  • Israa al-Qasas
    , 7
    |
  • Hani Suliman Muhammad a-Najar
    , 7
    |
  • Ulfat hussein Abu 'Atiyeh
    , 4
    |
  • Haifaa Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 9
    |
  • Ahed 'Attaf 'Ahed Baker
    , 9
    |
  • Ahmad Ayman Siyam
    , 15
    |
  • Husam Ibrahim a-Najar
    , 14
    |
  • Abd a-Rahman Basam Khatab
    , 5
    |
  • Ahmad Nael Mahdi
    , 15
    |
  • Basem Salem Kaware'
    , 10
    |
  • Abd al-'Aziz Salah a-Din Abu Hasanein
    , 14
    |
  • Muhammad Khalaf Nawasrah
    , 2
    |
  • Bisan Basem Ahmad Abu Jame', 6 months
    |
  • Abdallah Ramadan Abu Ghazal
    , 5
    |
  • Muhammad Na'im Muhammad Musalam
    , 15
    |
  • Hamzah Ousamah Khalil ak-Hayah
    , 4
    |
  • Fadi Diab Hassan Islim
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad 'Ali Kaware'
    , 13
    |
  • Yasmin Muhammad al-Mutawaq
    , 4
    |
  • Fatmeh Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 12
    |
  • Muhammad Rajaa Hindem
    , 15
    |
  • Yaser Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 8
    |
  • Qasem Rabi'
    , 12
    |
  • Mustafa Siyam
    , 9
    |
  • Muhammad Abu Shabab
    , 15
    |
  • Ghaidaa Siyam
    , 7
    |
  • Mahmoud Ahmad al-Qasas
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Iyad al-Qasas
    , 4
    |
  • Rahaf Khalil Hamadah a-Jabur
    , 4
    |
  • Manar Majed al-Batsh
    , 13
    |
  • Muhammad Ibrahim Faek al-Masri
    , 14
    |
  • Razan Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 14
    |
  • Miriam 'Atiyeh al-'Arja
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Anwar Suliman a-Darazin
    , 3
    |
  • Rim Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 12
    |
  • Nujud Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame', 4 months
    |
  • Muhammad Hani Muhammad al-Halaq
    , 2
    |
  • Sha'ban Jamil Ziyadah
    , 12
    |
  • Nidal Khalaf 'Awad Nawasrah
    , 4
    |
  • Amir Iyad Salem 'Arif
    , 11
    |
  • Sajidah Yaser Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 7
    |
  • Amirah 'Adel Siyam, 8 months
    |
  • Sarah 'Omar Sheikh al-'Eid
    , 9
    |
  • Anas Qdeih
    , 7
    |
  • Wisam 'Isam Marzuq Sheheibar
    , 7
    |
  • Sawsan Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 11
    |
  • Ahmad Sufian a-Jamal
    , 9
    |
  • Walid Sa'id al-Harazin
    , 7
    |
  • Siraj Iyad 'Abd al-'Al
    , 8
    |
  • Ahmad Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 8
    |
  • Ibrahim Khalil 'Abd 'Amar
    , 12
    |
  • Zakariyah 'Ahed Subhi Baker
    , 10
    |
  • Samih Na'im Abu Jarad
    , 1
    |
  • Aya Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 12
    |
  • Jawdat Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 13
    |
  • Safaa Malakeh
    , 6
    |
  • Iman Khalil 'Abd 'Amar
    , 9
    |
  • Dina 'Abdallah 'Aziz
    , 5
    |
  • Isma'il Muhammad Subhi Baker
    , 9
    |
  • Hadi 'Abd a-Nabi
    , 4
    |
  • Adham Ahmad Abu 'Atiyeh
    , 4
    |
  • Hiba Hamed a-Sheikh Khalil
    , 14
    |
  • Osamah Mahmoud al-Astal
    , 8
    |
  • Hatem Na'im 'Aqel
    , 14
    |
  • Abd a-Rahman Akram a-Skafi
    , 12
    |
  • Ahmad Khaled Muhammad a-Najar
    , 14
    |
  • Hussein Yusef Kaware'
    , 13
    |
  • Abd al-Karim Anwar Suliamn a-Drazin
    , 5
    |
  • Muhammad Ziad Saleh a-Rahal
    , 5
    |
  • Bader Siyam
    , 4
    |
  • Abdallah Muhammad Kaware'
    , 12
    |
  • Muhammad Mansur al-Bshiti
    , 7
    |
  • Baraah Saleh Mahmoud a-Raqab
    , 11
    |
  • Omar Jamil Subhi Hamudah
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Salameh Abu Dabagh
    , 12
    |
  • Yasin Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 9
    |
  • Fatmeh Mahmoud al-Haj
    , 14
    |
  • Muhammad Rami Fathi 'Ayad
    , 3
    |
  • Yasmin Nayef al-Astal
    , 4
    |
  • Qasem Jaber 'Adwan Kaware'
    , 12
    |
  • Musa 'Abd a-Rahman Abu Jarad, 8 months
    |
  • Lamyaa Iyad al-Qasas
    , 11
    |
  • Ghadah Subhi Sa'idi 'Ayad
    , 13
    |
  • Mu'taz Hessein Samir a-Najar
    , 6
    |
  • Arwa al-Qasas
    , 4
    |
  • Rahaf Isma'il Abu Jam'ah
    , 4
    |
  • Maisaa Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 7
    |
  • Muhmmad Ibrahim Antiz
    , 13
    |
  • Rawan Ziad Hajaj
    , 15
    |
  • Marah Shaker a-Jamal
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Akram al-Kafarneh
    , 15
    |
  • Rayan Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 5
    |
  • Nabil Mahmoud Muhammad al-Astal
    , 13
    |
  • Muhammad Jihad Matar
    , 12
    |
  • Shahd Mu'in 'Ali Qishtah
    , 9
    |
  • Nur Yaser Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 2
    |
  • Amjad Salem Khamis Sha't
    , 15
    |
  • Tawfiq Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 4
    |
  • Nagham Mahmoud 'Abd al-Hamid a-Zweidi
    , 2
    |
  • Amir 'Adel Siyam
    , 12
    |
  • Saher Abu Namus
    , 3
    |
  • Anas 'Alaa Subhi al-Batsh
    , 10
    |
  • Suhelah Basam Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 3
    |
  • Asil Wisam Marzuq Sheheibar
    , 7
    |
  • Walaa Na'im Muhammad Musalam
    , 14
    |
  • Siham Muhammad Ibrahim Zu'rub
    , 11
    |
  • Ahmad Ramzi Abu Qadus
    , 13
    |
  • Ibrahim Jamal Kamal Naser
    , 13
    |
  • Zeinab Safwat Abu Tir
    , 3
    |
  • Salma Salem a-Radi'
    , 5
    |
  • Ibtehal Ibrahim 'Ayesh a-Ramahi
    , 4
    |
  • Hatem Zein Nayef al-Yazji
    , 3
    |
  • Samar Musa Abu Jarad
    , 15
    |
  • Iman Ibrahim 'Ayesh a-Ramahi
    , 14
    |
  • Dima 'Abdallah Salim
    , 3
    |
  • Islam Hamudah Hussein a-Najar
    , 3
    |
  • Hadi Salah a-Din Abu Hasanein
    , 12
    |
  • Elyas Ibrahim Dib al-Kulani
    , 4
    |
  • Hiba Akram Saleh a-Sha'er
    , 15
    |
  • Umamah Ousamah Khalil al-Hayah
    , 8
    |
  • Haniyah 'Abd a-Rahman Abu Jarad
    , 3
    |
  • Asem Khalil 'Abd 'Amar
    , 4
    |
  • Ahmad Walid Nasrallah Samur
    , 9
    |
  • Husam Husam Abu Qainas
    , 7
    |
  • Abd a-Rahman Mahmoud 'Ab a-Nabi
    , 1
    |
  • Ahmad Na'Im Muhammad Musalam
    , 11
    |
  • Bader Hatem 'Amish
    , 9
    |
  • Abdallah Yusef Daraji
    , 2
    |
  • Muhammad Mustafa Malakeh
    , 2
    |
  • Bitul Basam Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 4
    |
  • Abeid Fadel Abu Hweishel
    , 9
    |
  • Muhammad Salem Antiz
    , 3
    |
  • Yamen Riyad al-Hmeideh
    , 4
    |
  • Fatmeh Ahmad al-'Arja
    , 14
    |
  • Muhammad Ramez 'Izat Baker
    , 11
    |
  • Yasmin Mahmoud al-Astal
    , 5
    |
  • Fares Jum'ah a-Tarabin، 3 months
    |
  • Musa Muhammad Taher al-Astal
    , 15
    |
  • Kinan Hasan Akram al-Halaq
    , 6
    |
  • Qusai 'Isam al-Batsh
    , 12
    |
  • Mu'in Muhammad Siyam
    , 5
    |
  • Muhammad Ahmad As'ad al-Bidi, 3 months
    |
  • Raed Muhammad Thari
    , 4
    |
  • Mahmoud Jihad 'Awad 'Abdin
    , 12
    |
  • Muhammad Iyad Salem 'Arif
    , 10
    |
  • Ru'ya Mhamhmoud 'Abd al-Hamid a-Zweidi
    , 5
    |
  • Marwah Suliman Ahmad a-Sarsawi
    , 12
    |
  • Muhammad Ayman a-Sha'er
    , 5
    |
  • Rizeq Ahmad al-Hayek
    , 2
    |
  • Mariam Shybub a-Shanbari
    , 11
    |
  • Muhammad Ashraf Rafiq 'Ayad
    , 3
    |
  • Rinat Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 2
    |
  • Nur al-Islam Ahmad Abu Hweishel
    , 6
    |
  • Amal Bahaa al-Batsh
    , 2
    |
  • Tala Akram al-'Atawi
    , 10
    |
  • Nasmah Iyad al-Qasas
    , 10
    |
  • Amir Hamudah Hussein a-Najar
    , 2
    |
  • Saji Hasan Akram al-Halaq
    , 4
    |
  • Amneh Jihad Matar
    , 10
    |
  • Suha 'Abd Rabu Musleh
    , 2
    |
  • Asil al-Masri
    , 15
    |
  • Walaa Muhammad al-Kayed
    , 15
    |
  • Suliman Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 14
    |
  • Ahmad 'Abd Rabu Musleh
    , 14
    |
  • Wasim Mustafa Salhiyah
    , 15
    |
  • Siraj Yaser Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 4
    |
  • Ibrahim a-Sheikh 'Omar
    , 2
    |
  • Ibrahim Ramadan Abu Daqah
    , 10
    |
  • Khalil Ousamah Khalil al-Hayah
    , 5
    |
  • Samar al-Qasas
    , 3
    |

Member of emergency services crew in Gaza; background: house bombed on 10 July 2014. Photo: Ahmad Zakut, Reuters.

According to B'Tselem's initial figures, at least 878 Palestinians have been killed in the Gaza Strip and Israel in the time between early Tuesday, 8 July 2014, when Operation Protective Edge airstrikes on Gaza began until the morning of 26 July. The fatalities include: 207 minors (one minor participated in the hostilities), 88 women (under age 60), 47 senior citizens (aged 60 and over), Initial findings indicate that 165 of the people killed participated in the hostilities.

Since the operation began two Israeli civilians, one foreign national and 43 Israeli soldiers have been killed in Israel and the Gaza Strip.

Since the recent bout of fighting in Gaza began, the internet has been inundated with footage of the fighting and its results. It is often difficult to determine the reliability of this footage as well as the context in which the images were shot. Our blog will present footage we collected from various online sources. We do not have full information regarding most of the items, so we appended explanatory notes for context. We also provided links to related media reports and cited details of information still missing. Please note: Most of the clips contain graphic content.

Building hit by rocket, southern Israel. Photo: Ronen Zvulun, Reuters, 9 July 2014

Millions of Israeli citizens, many of whom are children, have been living under the threat of rocket fire for almost a week. For hundreds of thousands of Israelis living in the south of the country, this terrible situation is part of an ongoing routine. The unrelenting attacks have disrupted their lives, denied their right to live in security and hurt their ability to make a living. Every venture outside – to work, school, or a recreational activity – is attended by a sense of danger. Some residents have even decided to relocate for fear they or their loved ones would get hurt.

Joint letter by Human Rights Organizations to Minister of Defense and Chief of Staff concerning the absence of any secure area in the Gaza Strip to which civilians can escape to protect their lives and ensure their safety and that of their families. We demand the immediate opening of an escape route for civilians to escape the battle zone.

Residents leaving Beit Hanoun by foot during the humanitarian ceasefire. Photo: Muhammad Sabah, B'Tselem, 26 July 2014

"I decided to walk to my sister's house in a-Rimal neighborhood. It was very dangerous. We walked single file, one after another. I carried 'Abd a-Rahman and he held on to me tightly. We walked hugging the walls of buildings and the doors of closed shops, and tried to take cover under trees and light shelters. It felt like we were walking through a ghost town. We were surrounded by death... I prayed to God that He protect my children and me. I kept walking until we reached the hospital in Beit Hanoun. I met my husband there. I hadn't seen him since the war began, because he was at work all the time... We took a taxi from there to my sister's house in a-Rimal neighborhood. She was already hosting three other families, relatives of ours who had also fled the bombings. All told, we were 31 people. I was still scared, because no place is safe."

Saher Abu Namus, 3 years old, killed on Friday, 11 July 2014

More than 600 Palestinians have been killed during the fighting in Gaza so far, including more than 150 children. Yet Israeli media is barely covering the story, other than mentioning the number of casualties. To encourage public debate in Israel on the issue, B’Tselem asked to purchase a spot on IBA Radio in order to have the names of some of the children killed read out. The radio refused, on the grounds that reading out the names of Palestinian children killed in Gaza is politically “controversial”. Yet the refusal is, in itself, far from neutral: it is a powerful statement in favor of silencing public debate over the massive price that Gazan civilians are paying for this operation.

Women grieve in Khan Yunis. Photo: Finbarr O'Reilly 19 July, 2014

“My wife and I were afraid something bad would happen to Yasmin and Usamah. We thought my sister Kawthar’s home would be safer… It’s usually quiet there, and the bombings haven’t reached them... my cousin called from Khan Yunis. He said a missile had been fired at my sisters’ house and asked me to come quickly because my kids had been hurt... I ran like a maniac to Kawthar’s house. When I got to the front door, I realized something terrible had happened. People inside the house came up to me. They told me that my two children had been killed... I yelled and cried hysterically.

"It was the third time a Qassam rocket directly hit our family. The first was about five years ago, when a rocket hit my brother's house. Three years ago, a rocket hit my parents' house. I'm lucky that the damage to my house was relatively minor... my beeper started sounding the alarm and I went into the safe room ... I heard the rockets land very loudly, and it was so strong that the safe room shook... I was shaking and couldn't move. When I went out, I saw that the blast had blown the door in. I was shaking and couldn't move. When I went out, I saw that the blast had blown the door in. Bits of glass and shrapnel and plaster were scattered everywhere."

Palestinians fill bottles and containers with water from a public tap in Rafah. Photo: Ibrahim Abu Mustafa, Reuters, 19 July 2014

In an urgent letter to Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon, 12 human rights organizations demand today that Israel fulfil its obligations and ensure that the humanitarian needs of the civilian population of Gaza are met, particularly with respect to the dwindling supply of water and electricity. More than half of Gaza’s population, 1.2 million people, currently were affected by lack of adequate access to water and sanitation services. Hundreds of thousands are completely without power, while additional hundreds of thousands are rationed up to 5 hours of electricity per day. These acute shortages are the result of severe damage to civilian infrastructure caused during the hostilities.

Ashkelon residents run for shelter during a bomb alert. Photo: Baz Ratner, Reuters

Millions of Israeli citizens, many of whom are children, have been living under the threat of rocket fire for more than two weeks. For hundreds of thousands of Israelis living in the south of the country, this terrible situation is part of an ongoing routine. The unrelenting attacks have disrupted their lives, denied their right to live in security and hurt their ability to make a living. Every venture outside – to work, school, or a recreational activity – is attended by a sense of danger. Some residents have even decided to relocate for fear they or their loved ones would get hurt. The photographs presented here were taken by Dudu Greenspan from Be'er Sheva, by Activestills, and by Reuters photographers.

"The children were very scared and wanted us to move to schools, where they thought we would be safer. My son Muhammad, who is 18, cried and told me, “You want us to die, like you did with Matar.” Our son Matar was 17 when he was killed in the 2009 war [Operation Cast Lead]. He was killed together with his cousin Muhammad, who was 12, while they were trying to escape the bombardments… After I lost him, I was in a very bad state and couldn't function for some time... My husband, my parents and I thought about it until the morning and decided to leave."

Search for victims amongst the rubble of a house bombed in Khan Younis. Photo: Ibrahim Abu Mustafa, Reuters, 21 July 2014

On 20 July Israeli forces bombed the four-story building that was home to the extended Jame' family: the matriarch, Fatmeh Abu Jame', her four sons, and their wives and children. B’Tselem’s initial findings indicate that the likely target of the attack was Ahmad Suliman Sahmoud, a member of Hamas’ military wing, who was visiting a member of the family. Everyone who was in the house at the time was hurt: 25 members of the Abu Jame' family were killed, as well as Hamas operative Sahmoud. The rest were injured. Information B’Tselem has at this stage indicates that no warning was issued and no warning missile was fired prior to the attack

House in Khan Younis damaged by an Israeli air strike, Finbarr O'Reilly, Reuters, 17 July 2014

Horrific developments in Gaza have reached intolerable heights: Israel is bombing houses with people in them, entire families have been buried under rubble, and streets lie in ruins. Hundreds have been killed so far, dozens in the last 24 hours only, many of them women and children. Hamas makes no pretense to follow the laws of war. Israel does, but holds Hamas responsible for its own. Unlawful actions by one party cannot justify unlawful actions by the other. The horrifying reality on the ground makes it impossible to further countenance Israel’s cynical use of legal terms such as “proportionality”, “distinction” and “due caution”.

Israeli airstrike on Gaza. Photo: Ahmad Zakut, Rueters, 21 July 2014

The organizations demanded that the Attorney General instruct the government to refrain from violating the laws of war and re-evaluate its aggressive policy and rules of engagement. The organizations seek to clarify whether the Attorney General critically evaluated the legal advice supplied to the Military Advocate General that underpins 'Operation Protective Edge', and calls on him to establish an external, independent and effective investigatory mechanism to examine the decision making of the political and operational establishment as required by international law and supported by the rulings of the High Court of Justice.

B'Tselem has championed human rights in the West Bank and Gaza Strip for over two decades, promoting a future where all Israelis and Palestinians will live in freedom and dignity.

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